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Cawyaŋ Zarma Sanni

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Exercises lesson 1

1.E Exercises

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Your are advised to print the tables with exercises and to fill in. The exercises form a separate page, therefore only the exercises will be printed. You can check your answers using the Answer book.

  1. Exercise 1. Conjugate each verb
  2. Exercise 2. Translate to English
  3. Exercise 3. Greetings

For this lesson exercises also are available in I-training.

1.E.1 Conjugate each verb

Table 1
Conjugate kaŋ Conjugate koy
ay .. ay ..
ni .. ni ..
a .. a ..
iri .. iri ..
araŋ .. araŋ ..
i .. i ..

It is suggested that you take each verb and conjugate it with all the personal pronouns. Also that you take each noun and combine it with each verb in singular indefinite, particular, definite, and plural definite. Concentrate on learning all the personal pronouns thoroughly.


1.E.2 Translate to English

Table 2
Zarma English
Farkay fo zuru.  
Wayboro fo kaŋ.  
Haw fo kani?  
Hansi fo koy.  
Yo fo kaŋ.  
Bariyo kani.  
Zanka koy.  
Fuwo kaŋ.  
Waybora kaŋ  
Hanso koy.  
Araŋ koy, wala?  
Zankey koy?  
Musey zuru.  
Wande zuru, wala?  
Araŋ kani, wala?  


1.E.3 Greetings


Imagine you are person B (boro B), reply to the greetings of person A.

Table 3
Boro A Boro B
Fofo Monsieur. ...
Ngoyya. Ni kani baani? ...
Ni kani ka baan, dey? ...
Fofo waybora. ...
Ngoyya. Ni foy baani? ...
Baani samay. ...

Practice the greetings until they become automatic.


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Last updated: 20 Januari, 2016