Zarma [synonym] (origin) {other spelling}:

English [remark] (word type; nr of lesson)

ha {hã} to ask, to inquire, to request (verb; 19p)

haabu to sweep [high tone] (verb; 24p);
haabu, haabo
cotton [low tone] (noun; 24p)

hab’ize, hab’izo trader, small gift from market, items purchased in market (noun; 4p)

Haba? exclamation of doubt, incredulity: "Oh, yeah?", "Is that right?", "Is that so?", "Not really?" (interjection; 15)

habante swept (adjective; 21)

habirji, habirjo broom (noun; 24p, 23)

habu, habo market, week [high tone, short vowel] (noun; 4p)

haggoy to be careful, to be careful of, to look out for, to watch out (verb; 10p);
Haggoy fa!: Be careful!, Watch out! (interjection; 18)

hako, hakowa {haakow, haakowa} questioner , inquirer, requestor (noun)

hal {hal'} [see hala, hal form is usually used in expressions]

hala [hal] until, till, to the time that, as far as; whether; so that, in order that - hal a m' a safar: so that I treat her  [prepositional use; precedes object] (preposition; 10p);
hala abada: forever, eternally [literally: until never; like French: a jamais] (adverb; 11p, 17p);
hala hon: until the present, up to this moment, still
(adverb; 17p);
hal' a ma bori
: very, well [to express that an action is well done] (adverb; 16);
hala manti mosso: not a little, considerably, quite a lot
(adverb; 16);
hal' a ma si: lest (adverb; 18p);
hala sohon
: until now, still (adverb; 17p)

haali, haalo [naamu] attitude, demeanour; habit, custum (noun; 16)

ham, hamo meat (noun; 6p)

hama grand child (noun; 26p)

hambara possibly, perhaps, maybe, probably (adverb; 18p)

haame, haama liver (noun; 10, 20p)

hamisa fish [literally "river meat"] (noun; 23p, 5 list)

hamkardji african crested porcupine [mammal] (noun; 5 list)

hamni bi, hamni biyo common housefly (noun; 23p, 5 list)

hamni, hamno hair, feather, fur; small winged insect of any sort [high tone] [see boŋ hamni]; flour, powder [low tone]
(noun; 15p, 23p)

haamo guinea corn [Sorghum vulgare] (noun; 8p)

han, hano {hane} [jirbi] day [limited use] (noun; 3p)
han fo {hanfo}: some day [literally: one day] (adverb; 4)
han fo bara: maybe [literally: one day exist] (adverb)
han din hane: that day (adverb)
han kaη hane: the day that (adverb)
han kulu: always (adverb)
hanodin hane: in that day (adverb; 17p)

han beeri [alzuma] Friday [from being the Moslem Sabbath] (noun; 17p)

han kan thing that [in indirect question] (pronoun; 19)

han kan se thing for which [in indirect question] (pronoun; 19)

hanan clean [always predicate adjective never attribute] (adjective; 21)

hanante cleansed, sanctified, saint (adjective; 21)

handay calf (noun; 5)

handu, hando moon; month (noun; 15p)
handu  kwaaray full moon, moon light (noun; 23p)

handarayize, handarayizo  {handarayze, handariyayze, handariize, handariye} star (noun; 16)

hane, hano {han, ~o; hani, hano} [jirbi] day (noun; 17p)
han din hane: that day
han kaη hane: the day that
hanodin hane: in that day (adverb; 17p)

hanga ear (noun; 10, 20p)

hangan [maa] to listen, to give ear; to wait for, to await, to expect [high tone]; to stay with, to be with, to keep company with [tone ?]
(verb; 20p, 26)

hangasine, hangasino companion, housemate [from hangan = to stay with, to be with, to keep company with] (noun; 26)

hanji, [?] [alborotaray, bande] penis [offensive] (noun; 10)

hanna to pass the night (verb; 7p)

hanno pure, good, beautiful, fine, holy [it is never a predicate adjective; accent on quality rather than appearance]
(adjective; 6p)

hanodin hane in that day (adverb; 17p)

hanse to fix, to repair, to arrange (verb; 12p)

hansi, hanso dog [mammal] (noun; 1p, 5 list);
hansi daŋ: he-dog (noun; 5);
hansi nya: bitch [has given birth] (noun; 5);
hansi way: bitch [has not given birth] (noun; 5)

hantum [#](~): to write (verb; 7p)
hantum, hantumo [hantumyan] writing [words that are written, or the art of writing] (noun)

hantumandi {hantumendi} (~) to make write (verb)

hantumanto, hantumanta (~) written, that what is written (adjective)

hantumko, hantumkwa (~) writer, a person who writes
(noun; 11)

hantumyan, hantumyaŋo (~) {hantumyoŋ} action of writing; writing [words that are written, or the art of writing] (noun; 7)

hantumyan do (~) writing place (noun; 7)

haŋ {hang}: to drink; by extension: to undergo; to experience (verb; 5p, 16, 24);
taba haŋ: to smoke tobacco, to dip snuff (verb; 24p)

haŋ’a [aha] {hang'a}: no (adverb; 2p)

haŋandi {hangandi}: to give drink, to water (verb; 19p)

haŋyan, haŋyaŋo {hangyan}: drinking (the act of) ; a drink (noun; 7);
haŋyan hari: drinking water (noun; 7)

haraŋ [jiiri wo] {harang}: this year (noun; 17)

hare to be hungry [low tone] (verb 12p); towards, in the direction of, in the neighbourhood (adverb; 20)

haray {harey} hunger, famine (noun; 12p); to be hungry (verb)
ya haray {ya harey}: over there (pronoun; 9)

hargu, hargo cold weather or season, cold [dry not moist]; cold, dry season (noun; 13, 25)

hari, haro water, liquid [high tone]; thing [low tone, short "a"] (noun; 2p, 5p);
bene hari
: rain (noun; 2p, 5p)

hari hansi [hari-ra-hansi] (spotted necked) otter; seal [mammal] (noun; 5 list)

hariji, harijo {harji, harjo} two- or three-pronged fish spear; harpoon (noun; 23p)

hari kan thing that [in indirect question] (pronoun; 19)

harikuna common moorhen [bird] (noun; 5 list)

hari  kwaaray much diluted "kawi" (noun; 24p)

hari mun urinate, go (have a) pee (verb; 13)

harji see hariji

haro-boŋ curo African jacana [bird] (noun; 5 list)

harta [hatta] to miss, to form from time to time, sometimes (verb; 18)

haru to smile, to laugh, to laugh at (verb; 20p)

hasara [sara, te hasara] to spoil [intransitive] ; to spoil, to ruin [transitive] (verb; 13p)

hasaraw ruin, spoilage; damage, accident (noun; 13p, 23)

has'ize child of one's "hassey" (noun; 26p)

hassey brother of one's mother (noun; 26p)

hatta [harta] to miss, to form from time to time, sometimes (verb; 18p)

hatta ka te to do occasionally (verb; 18)

hatta-hatta infrequently, now and then, from time to time, sometimes (adverb; 18)

Hauka spirits of colonization; spirits of force (noun; culture pages)

haw [ho, in some cases] to tie, to tie up [high tone, short "a"]; to put on [as a woman tucks her cloth about her; high tone, normal "a"]; to intend, to plan, to think, to expect, to purpose [high tone; also pronounced as "ho"]; to be ashamed [high tone] (verb; 4p, 11p, 15p, 22p);
haw, hawo: cow [short "a"; “bovine”, generic, not gender]; wind, odour [normal "a"] (noun; 1p, 22p)

haw bi (Cape) buffalo [mammal] (noun; 5 list)

haw ji, haw jiyo butter (noun; 10p)

hawey sister of one's father (noun; 26p)

hawi shame, shyness, bashfulness, modesty (noun; 22)

haw'ize child of one's "hawey" (noun; 26p)

hawlondi paper wasps [animal] (noun; 5 list)

hawrey evening meal (noun; 24p)

hawru mush made of any cereal grains, etc. main dish
(noun; 24p)

hay to bear [young], to give birth to, to produce [fruit], to rust [high tone]; to shoot [with weapon: bow, gun, spear], to aim at, to hit [large object aimed at] [tone from high to low]
(verb; 6p, 13p);
hay, hayo thing [low tone] (noun; 5p);
hay fo:
something [tone high - low] (noun; 5p);
hay kulu: everything; nothing; anything (depending on context)
(pronoun; 9)
hay, hayyante, hayyanta [*] [high tone] open, wide
(adjective; 5p)

Hay fo! Say you!, Hey there! (interjection; 15)

hay jine, hay jina first born (noun; 26p)

hayaŋ, hayaŋo {hãyaŋ; haayoŋ} question, request, inquiry (noun)

hayci to bargain (verb; 8)

hayfun lazy, to be lazy (verb; 25p)

hayfuno, hawfuna lazy person (noun; 25p)

hayni, hayno millet [also applied to cereal grain of any kind; low tone]; hot dry season [tone from high to low]
(noun; 6p, 25p)

hayra parent (noun; 26p)

hayyan width, wideness (noun; 25)

hay-zaŋey birth pangs (noun; 19p)

hemar, hemaro harvest [season] (noun; 6p, 26)

hen to cry, to weep [aloud], by extension: to roar [lion], to bray [donkey], to moo [cow], to bellow [bull] (verb; 3p)

hen-daw pintail (duck) [bird] (noun; 5 list)

hendi [ya haray] beyond, the other side, over there (adverb; 7p)
bi fo hendi [bi fo yongo]: three days ago (adverb; 17)
ne hendi: just over there (adjective)
suba si hendi [suba si yongo]: three days hence (adverb; 17)
wo hendi {wohendi}: the one beyond, that one over there (adjective; 7)
wo hendiyaη {wohendiyan}: those beyond, those over beyond there (adjective; 7)

hendow knob-billed goose [bird] (noun; 5 list)

hi to lend, to borrow [high tone] [same object to be returned] (verb; 15p);
hi .. ga: to borrow from (verb; 15);
hi .. se: to lend to (verb; 15);

hi, hiyo {hi, hio} [meele; abaara]: pirogue, (small) boat [low tone]
(noun; 17p);
bene hi
: airplane (noun; 17p)
ganda hi: train

hiiji to marry; to impregnate, to mate (with); to be soaked, to be moisten (verb; 13)
hiji ce ga: to mate (with), to couple (verb; 13)

hima [#] to resemble, to be fitting (verb; 10p)

hima ka out to be (verb; 15)

himakasina person resembling another (noun; 26)

himbouka oribi [mammal] (noun; 5 list)

himfa usefulness, utility, worth (noun; 21)

hin [#] to be able to [with compound verb, "can"] (verb; 15p)
hin ka <verb>: can <verb> (verb; 15)

Hin suru! Just be patient! (interjection; 24p)

hina to cook, to prepare a meal [emphasis on first syllable] (verb; 10p);
hin-hina: tto cook by turns, to prepare a meal in turns (verb)
hina ability, to have the means; the authorities, the government [emphasis on last syllable] (noun; 15p)

hinako, hinakwa cook, someone who cooks (noun; 11)

hinante cooked (adjective; 21)

hinyan, hinjaŋo {hinyoŋ, /o} cooking, preparation of a meal

hincin, hincino goat [mammal] (noun; 6p, 5 list)

hinji, hinjo tooth; pestle for mortar (noun; 10, 20p, 23p)

hinka [= ihinka] two [2] [in combination with noun]
(cardinal number; 3)

hinne only, alone, solely (adverb; 6p)

hinni, hinno pus, suppuration (noun; 16p)
te hinni: fester, suppurate, run, discharge pus, matter
(verb, 16)

hiino next, next time [precedes object] (adverb; 17p); examples:
i kaa a do koyne hiino jiiro ra: they came to him the next year
hiino i ga ne ...: next time they will say ...

hinza [= ihinza] three [3] [in combination with noun]
(cardinal number; 3)

hire to pass the early evening; dusk until suppertime [used in greetings] (verb; 4p, 7p)

hiri, hiro neckless, string of beads [tone is low] (noun; 23p)

hirri clouding of sky before rain (verb; 23p);
hirri, hirro border of field [tone goes down] (noun; 23p)

ho [fo; haw] to hunt [game] [when also pronounced as "fo"] ;
to intend, to plan, to think, to expect, to purpose [also pronounced as "haw"] (verb; 13p, 15p);
ho ka: to plan to (verb; 15)

hoisa grey heron [bird] (noun; 5 list)

hoyan [foyan] hunting (noun; 13)

hu, huwo [fu, fuwo] house, home (noun; 1p)

humburandi to frighten, to make afraid, to scare (verb; 19p)

humburu [#] to fear, to be afraid [high tone] (verb; 19p);
humburu, humburo mortar for pounding grain or spices [tone from low to high] (noun; 23p)

humburukumey fear, fright (noun; 19p)

hunkuna today (adverb; 3p)

last updates: 11 maart 2012