Zarma [synonym] (origin) {other spelling}:

English [remark] (word type; nr of lesson)

da behaviour; person's character (noun; 18);
da anniya: diligently, zealously (adverb; 18p)
da cahanyan: hastily, with haste (adverb; 18p)
da cat: with difficulty, hardly (adverb; 18p)
da gabi  kwaaray: with a strong hand (adverb; 18p)
da lakal: carefully, intelligently, wisely (adverb; 18)
da wasi: quickly (adverb; 18p)

da [d', nd', nda] and, with [low tone]; if, when [also rising tone]
(conjunction; 2p, 7p)

daabu to cover, to close, to shut (verb; 15p)

dabbe, dabbo [alman, almano] animal (noun; 13)

dabina date [palm] (noun)

dabirji, darbijo cover, lid >noun; 15p>, 23)

dada Abyssinian roller [bird] (noun; 5 list)

dadab beri {dadabu beeri} first month of lunar year
(noun; 25p)

dadab kayna {dadabu kayna} second month of lunar year (noun; 25p)

dadar purple swamp hen [bird] (noun; 5 list)

dadaara {dadara} spider; banded-legged golden orb-web spider [animal] (noun; 5 list)

dadaarataaru, dadaarataaro internet; spider web (noun)

dadaarataaru hinda web page (noun)

dadaarataaru kabarey, - kabareyo web site (noun)

dafe [kuna, wayborotaray] vagina [offensive] (noun; 10)

dagara platform, gate (noun)

dagu to pull out of socket, to uproot, to wrench out (verb; 22)

dahir surely, necessarily; truly, of a truth (adverb; 18p, 15)

dake to place, to set, to put (verb; 11p); dake .. bon: to put on [not clothing] (verb; 11p); dake .. ga: to put by, to put next to (verb; 11p)

dala [dela]: unit of 5 francs in counting money (noun; 8)

dama (H): refers to heath & time (noun; 13p)
dama s'ay se
:  I don't have time (noun; 13p);
du dama: get a change, have an opportunity (verb; 13p);
te dama: to become better, improved (verb; 13p)

dama-dama a little better, somewhat better (adverb; 18)

dambe better, preferable [precedes its clause] (adverb; 18p)

damé (African) chameleon [reptile] (noun; 5 list)

damsi, damso peanut (noun; 24p); damsi kuku: peanut
(noun; 24p)

dan to forge, to do small metal work (verb; 23p)
dan, dano scorpion [animal] (noun; 5 list)

dan beri 'waltzing' spider [animal] (noun; 5 list)

dan bi African emperor scorpion [animal] (noun; 5 list)

danaw to be blind [low tone] (verb; 16p);
danaw, danawo {danow, danowa} blind person [low tone] (noun; 16p)

dandan [dondon]: to learn, to imitate (verb; 19p)

dandanandi to teach by showing, to teach to imitate
(verb; 19p)

dandi to go down river (verb, 22)

dandi borey the people down river from the Zarma [as dandi means to go down river, and the river flows south.] (noun; 22)

dandi kambe, dandi kambo south (noun; 22)

danfane, danfano small common lizard (noun<; 15p, 5 list)

danga 1. {daηga} [sanda] like, as, as though [danga and sanda sometimes have the word cine after their object] (preposition, conjunction; 17p); examples:
i kulu ga koroŋ danga feema ~ they are all hot as an oven
a ga ciya fari se danga harandaŋ cine
~ it will be as the dew unto a cultivated field
2. {danza} Acacia spp., especially A. senegal, A. laeta,
A. chrembergiana. (noun).

danga ji Arabic gum [literally: oil of the Acacia] (noun)

dangey to be quiet, to be still, to hush (verb; 15p)

danji, danjo {denji; deηgi} fire; smouldering ember; charcoal; [jahannama] hell (noun; 17p);
danji bangu: hell (noun)
danji bi, danji biyo
{deηgi bi, ~ bio} charcoal, black charcoal (noun; 17p);
danji ciray, danji cira {deηgi cirey} red-brown charcoal
(noun; 17);
danji deyo: hell (noun)
danji do
: hell (noun)
danji funsu: to fight a fire (verb; 17)

daŋ to put, to put on [clothing only] (verb; 11p);
daŋ .. ra
: to put into, to place  (verb; 11p)

daŋandi to cross over, to go across [usually the river, but may be a road, etc.; possibly literally "to put (the boat) over"]
(verb; 19)

darbe to fish with hook and line (verb; 23p)

darb'ize, darb'izo fish hook (noun; 23p)

darbu, darbo hook and line for fishing (noun; 23p)

darey to get lost, to go astray, to be mistaken (verb; 8p)

darfanda francolin [bird] (noun; 5 list)

dari, daro bed, bed frame (noun; 4p)

dasi, daso ox, bullock (noun; 5)

dasu steer (noun; 5)

dawa native ink (noun; 24p)

day {dey} to buy (verb; 1p); simply, plainly; just, only, solely, merely (adverb; 17); [amma] but (conjunction; 17)

day, dayo {dey, deyo} well [of water; see dey for related words] [low tone] (noun; 17p)

dayko, daykoy {deyko} buyer (noun, 11)

daymi, daymo purchase (noun; 23)

dela [dala]: unit of 5 francs in counting money (noun; 8p)

dene, dena tongue [anatomy], language (noun; 10, 20p)

deni to scold, to rebuke (verb; 20p);
a deni ay ga:  he scolded me

desi to fly [tone from high to low] (verb; 19p);
desi, deso
hatchet, axe [high tone] (noun; 19p)

dey, deyo [day, dayo] well [of water] [low tone] (noun; 17p)

dey fansiko {deyfensiko} digger of wells (noun; 6)

dey; dey no: just (adverb; 18)

deydey [saba] (H): equal, even, same (adverb; 18p)

di: to catch, to lay hold of, to seize; by extension: to fall on - jirbi tiŋo fo n' a di: a deep sleep fell on her [low tone]; to be lit, to be burning [tone goes down] (verb; 15p, 19p); 
di [#] to see [high tone] (verb; 3p)

diana freshwater mussel [animal] (noun; 5 list)

dibi to mix [usually a liquid with a dry ingredient] (verb; 24p)

diko, dika headscarf (noun)

din, dini that, those [suffix, always in combination with noun] (pronoun; 7); example:
boradin {bora din} that person

dirnyaη # {dirn, diryan, dinyan, dirgan} to forget (verb; 17p, 21p)

dirnyaηandi {dirganendi} to make forget (verb)

dirnyaηay, dirnyaηa {dirganey, dirgana} what is forgotten (noun, 21)

dirnyaηko, dirnyaηkowa {dirgankow, ~a} forgetful person

dira to walk, to go away, to set out, to leave (verb; 5p)

diraw, dirawo walking; trip, travel, journey, departure
(noun; 9, 23)

diryan [#] [dinyan]: to forget (verb; 21)

disamba (F) December [Zarma normally use Muslim, lunar, calendar instead of Roman calendar] (noun; grammar/time)

diyan sight (noun; 9)

diyandi to light [fire, lamp] (verb; 19p)

djere half [0.5] (cardinal number)

do to, at, by means of, at the place of, “chez” [French] [tone from high to low] ; by means of, through (preposition; 4, 10)
do [#] to go down hill [high tone] (verb; 22)
do, da [sagey do; do-ize]: grasshopper, locust, cricket
(noun; 9p, 5 list)

doobu bran (noun; 11)

dobu-dobu, dobu-dobo measles, any illness is seen as "on" ["ga"] one (noun; 23p)

dogon to be light; to be easy (verb)
dogon, dogono, dogona
[*]: lightweight (adjective; 17p)

dogonandi to ease, to make easier, to simplify, to make more comfortable; to facilitate (verb; 19)

dogonay, dogona lightness; ease, facility; kindness, helpfulness (noun)
du dogonay: to be refreshed

don [doni te; doonu] (K) to sing [any song] (verb; 13p)

doη {don} previously; a while ago, recently (adverb; 17)
za doŋ: since long ago, since a long while ago, since formerly (adverb; 16p, 17p)
doη boro yaη, doη borey: prehistoric men

doona [#] {dona; doon} to be accustomed to, to be used to, to do habitually (verb; 22)
doonay, doona {dooney} habit, custom

doonandi {donandi} to tame, to make one used to (verb; 22)

dondon [dandan] to learn, to imitate (verb; 19)

doney habit (noun; 22)

dooni, doono {doni} song, singing; poem (noun; 13p);
dooni te [don, doonu]: to sing [any song] (verb; 13)

doonu [don, dooni te] to sing [any song] (verb; 13p)

doonu, doono {donu} ball of cracked millet, parboiled and repounded; porridge, drink comprised of millet and (goat) milk (noun; 24p)

donton to send [a person] (verb; 3p)

doŋ then [in that case], therefore [rarely], if only [tone from high to low] (conjunction; 10p);  of old, formerly, a long time ago [tone from high to low] [see also conjunction: then, in that case] (adverb; 15p)

doorandi, {dorendi; doorandi} to make someone suffer, to hurt someone (verb)
doorandi, doorando {dorendi, /o;doorandi, /o} to make someone suffer, to hurt someone (verb)

dooranto, dooranta poured out, empty, emptied (adjective)

doori [dooru] to pour out carefully or slowly, to run out or down, to trickle (verb; 13p)

doori, dooro [jante] {dori, /o} pain, suffering, sickness (noun; 22)

dooriize, dooriizo {doriize, /o} microbe, parasite (noun)

dooriko, doorikwa {doorikow, /a} person who empties, who pours out (noun)

doorikom, doorikomo [doorikoni, doorikono] {dorikom, /o} patient, ill person, one in pain (noun; 11)

doorikoni, doorikono [doorikom, doorikomo ] {dorikoni, /o, dorkoyni, /o} patient, ill person, one in pain (noun; 11);
sickly, ailing, unhealthy (adjective)

doorimi, doorimo emptying, pouring out (noun)

dooru [doori] {doru} to hurt, to be painful; to be in pain, to be ill; to regret (verb; 12); to pour out carefully or slowly, to run out or down, to trickle (verb; 13p);

dortijo, dortija [dottijo, /a] old person, aged person (noun; 25p)

dooryan, dooryaŋ [doryoŋ, /o] suffering, being ill; action of pouring out, emptying (noun)

dottijo, dottija [dortijo, /a] old person (noun)

du [#]: to get, to obtain, to acquire (verb; 7p);
du dama: get a change, have an opportunity (verb; 13p);
du ga {du ka}: get to (verb; 15)
ifo ga du (ifo ka du}: what is the matter with, what ails; what happened to (verb; 16)

dubu fo (H): thousand [1000] (cardinal number)

dum to accompany (verb;16)

duma to sow, to plant [not transplant] (verb; 23p)

dumari planted field, planting (noun; 23)

dumi, dumo kind, sort; colour; tribe (noun; 9p)

dum'ize, dum'izo kidney (noun; 10, 20p)

dundu, dundo yam (noun)

dungu, dunguruo [*]: short, hot (adjective; 13p)

dungu-dungu lukewarm (adjective; 18)

dunguri, dunguro bean (noun; 8p)

dunguriyo, dunguriyo, dunguriya [*]: short (adjective; 5p)

duru to reduce to powder by pounding (verb: 23p)

dusu termite [animal] (noun; 5 list)

last updates: 19 maart 2012